Adenovirus Amplification and Transduction Protocol

Posted by Applied Biological Materials (abm) on Jun 6, 2022

Adenovirus Amplification and Transduction Protocol

The following protocol is a step-by-step guide on how to amplify your adenoviruses from a seed stock and use them for your transduction experiment. Recombinant adenovirus suppliers will often provide an adenovirus seed stock which will require further amplification for downstream in vitro transduction. Large-scale virus production and purification will be necessary for in vivo injections.

Important Note: Need to save time? It is strongly recommended to always amplify one adenovirus seed- stock at a time and in different culture hoods and incubators if possible. In cases where only one set of equipment is available, amplify the viruses sequentially and use UV radiation for 30 minutes in-between working with each virus. As cross-contamination when working with two or more adenoviruses is a major risk,we also recommend using separate trypsin and medium containers for each virus.

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Amplification Protocol

  • When you receive your recombinant adenovirus, make two to three aliquots. Use one for amplification in HEK 293 cells and we recommend that you freeze the remaining aliquots in -80°C as a seed stock for future use.
  • Amplify your adenovirus in HEK 293 cells, plated at 60-70 % confluency. For a 60 mm dish, infect the cells with 70 μL of the adenovirus, for a 100 mm dish, infect the cells with 200 μL of virus.
  • When more than 95% of 293 cells are detached from the dishes, collect both the cells and medium into a large falcon tube.
  • Freeze (in a -80°C freezer or dry ice / ethanol) and thaw (in a 37°C water bath) the collection three times.
  • Pellet the cell debris by centrifugation at 3,000 rpm at room temperature for 10 minutes.
  • Transfer the supernatant into a fresh tube. Store at 4°C for short-term use (two to three weeks) or add glycerol to a final concentration of 10% and freeze at -70°C (stable for one to two years).

Transduction Protocol

If the virus is to be used in an in vitro transduction, double CsCl purification is not required as the viral supernatant will provide 100% gene transduction efficiency in most human cell lines. For in vivo studies purification is essential to remove defective particles, cell debris, and residual media components, since these contaminants can induce significant immune responses. In addition, CsCl purification will concentrate the virus to a level suitable for in vivo injections.

  • Prepare target cells in a 6-well plate or 10 cm at 70% confluency one day prior to transduction.
  • Aspirate the culture medium and overlay with viral culture supernatant (1ml for a 6-well plate and 4-5 ml for 10 cm dishes) to cover the cells for one hour in an incubator.
  • Remove the media containing the virus and replace it with fresh complete media.
  • Gene transduction can be evaluated 48-72 hours after transduction by different assays, such as Western blot or qPCR. Alternatively, confirm reporter gene expression (i.e. ß-gal or EGFP, if applicable) under a microscope.

And you're done!

To learn more about the recombinant adenovirus expression system as well as how to clone, package, and harvest adenoviruses for your seed stocks, check out our free learning resource articles and youtube videos!

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